Anesthetics and Pain
Surgery anesthesia is a substance that causes lack of feeling or awareness, dulling pain to permit surgery and other painful procedures called Anesthetic.
It can help control your breathing, blood pressure, blood flow, and heart rate and rhythm.
Surgery Anesthesia may be used to:
- Relax you.
- Block pain.
- Make you sleepy or forgetful.
- Make you unconscious for your surgery.
Other medicines may be used along with anesthesia, such as ones to help you relax or to reverse the effects of surgery anesthesia.
Sleeping surgery anesthesia (sedation) + Local anesthesia surgery
Is surgery anesthesia safe?
Local anesthesia is far more than general anesthesia. It even has effect to relieve the pain after surgery, so you can go back to your daily life or work soon.
There are various types of anesthetics being used in the surgical operations:
- General anesthetics: Most general anesthesia involves insertion of general anesthesia in to the intravenous blood circulation by injection to relief pain and induction of anesthesia. This sort of anesthesia is provided when surgery is carried out for longer period of time. The anesthesia is maintained for longer periods by inhalation of anesthetic gases or injection of anesthetic medication through veins. The common side effects of general anesthesia are nausea, vomiting and drowsiness. A rare side effect is showing allergic reaction to the anesthetics, but, it is barely visible amongst the patients.
- Sedation and local anesthetics: In operations like Colpoperineoplasty, involving vagina involves the usage of local anesthetics. The benefit of such anesthetics is rapid recovery from surgery and less side effects compared to those of general anesthesia. In such operation, analgesics are given intravenously to relief any pain, followed by sedatives. This induces relaxation, analgesia and with proper technique the patient has no memory of the surgery.
During the operation, the patient’s choice of anesthetics is also considered. If patient does not want to fall asleep then no sedative is given.
The choice of pain relief is dependent on the severity of the surgery. The operations which are conducted within a short period of time and does not require any inpatient treatment usually involves the combination of local anesthetics and short acting analgesics. The analgesic used is mainly Paracetamol.